Pyracantha Comes In Many Varieties
The spiny Pyracantha shrub, also known as the firethorn bush, is a versatile addition to the landscape. It can be used as a hedge, an espalier feature, or a shrub specimen.
The general cultivation information for Pyracantha coccinea did not cover the choice varieties available, but let me introduce some of those, if you are not already familiar with them.Grow a Pyracantha Shrub
This is the Pyracantha I grow. Tough and disease resistant, it is widely sold in nurseries. Pumpkin orange berries are loved by birds.
Hardiness: ‘Mohave’ is hardy in zone 6, evergreen in zone 7. I have grown it in a challenging zone 5 environment, but placed it in my most protected spot on the leeward side of my house. It has persisted when other plants, many of which were rated as more cold tolerant, have failed.
Facts: Disease resistant and tolerant of many situations including urban areas. Said to grow only to 12′ and usually smaller- don’t believe it. This can become quite tall in an area where it can grow freely , while protected from wind and cold.
Reputed to be very hardy- to zone 4, although further north than zone 5 might require protection. A spreading shrub, shorter at 6′ height, it has a deeper orange red berry.
Hardiness: Zones 5 to 8, but reputed to be hardy to zone 4.
Facts: Good for espalier. Fruits well. Choose this variety if you are unsure whether pyracantha is hardy enough for your landscape conditions.
Dense and twiggy, this is one of the stronger growing varieties, so be prepared to prune if you have a restricted area you are thinking of planting with this shrub. Consider giving it plenty of room.
Hardiness: A hardy variety, reliably Zones 5-10.
Facts: Orange red berries. Upright spreading shape, this fast grower is good for barrier hedges.
Pyracantha ‘Orange Glow’
Looser branching makes this variety good for espalier work. Grows tall, but less hardy than some of the other pyracantha varieties.
Hardiness: A less hardy variety, Zones 7 to 9.
Facts: Lovely orange berries. Good for espalier, also recommended for hedges. Upright growing plant.
One of the best known varieties and often sold as an espalier on small trellises, ‘Lalandei’ is also one of the most scab susceptible firethorn plants. It will quickly outgrow that tiny trellis.
Hardiness: A hardy variety, Zones 5-9.
Facts: Bright orange berries. Grows tall, but moderately, in a broad, upright vase. It is useful for hedge and specimen, can be used as espalier by the diligent gardener (be ready for a great deal of pruning).
Pyracantha Varieties, listed by characteristic
Click here for Golden Berry Varieties
- Pyracantha â€˜Aureaâ€™
- Pyracantha â€˜Golden Charmer’
- Pyracantha â€˜Soleil d’Orâ€™
Click here for Disease Resistant Varieties
- Pyracantha â€˜Apacheâ€™
- Pyracantha â€˜Fiery Cascadeâ€™
- Pyracantha ‘Mohave’
- Pyracantha â€˜Navahoâ€™
- Pyracantha â€˜Puebloâ€™
- Pyracantha â€˜Rutgersâ€™
- Pyracantha â€˜Shawneeâ€™
- Pyracantha â€˜Tetonâ€™
Select Species and Varieties
Pyracantha coccinea (the one most commonly called “Firethorn”)
Pyracantha fortuneana (Chinese Firethorn)
Pyracantha koidzumii ‘Santa Cruz’ (Santa Cruz Pyracantha)
Pyracantha koidzumii ‘Victory’ (Victory Pyracantha)