If you live in a cold climate, you know that for at least half the year (from October through May) frost threatens the garden. And if you have grown to love your outdoor fairy garden -or simply have a hankering to create a miniature garden inside your home, a terrarium garden is a wonderful winter project. The addition of fairy garden accessories turns it into something truly charming.
Your terrarium can be as small as a simple glass container holding one rock with a fairy figurine perched on top, a few sprigs of a grassy plant and some moss. O it may be grand: quite large and full of fascinating fairy folk in a repurposed aquarium. It is all up to you and your own creative imagination.
Let’s start with some terrarium garden basics.
Basics for Glass Gardens
What Is A Terrarium? Click
- Find a glass container (see the next section for what makes a good container)
- Layer the bottom of the container with gravel (I like aquarium gravel in a natural color)
- Mix together your soil, Martha Stewart has a formula for using horticultural charcoal and orchid bark in her Fairyland Terrarium.
- Make a “terrain” with small rocks and different levels. Plant the mosses, then add the small plants.
- Finally, insert the fairy furniture, accessories and figurines
Find figurines, and fairy garden accessories online.Fairy Inspiration
Checklist for Terrarium Garden Tools
- Bamboo skewers
- Sheets of white paper (use for funnel)
- Long tweezers
- Houseplant trowel or a spoon
- Mister or long spout watering can
What Makes A Good Container?
Apothecary jars are ideal. Clear candy jars, large clear vases, round aquariums, and any other glass jar are other possibilities. If the container has a lid, it holds the moisture better and the terrarium needs less watering.
If the opening is large enough for your hand, maintenance is easier (planting and pruning plants).
Which Plants For Terrariums?
Fine leaved, small stature plants are best. This keeps the terrarium in check, and gives a “fairy world” feeling. A selection of mosses creates the base for a scattering of small plants such as miniature ferns, orchids, or tropical houseplants.
Click here for a list of plants
- Pilea involucrata ‘Moon Valley’ 12″x12″
- Cryptanthus bivittatus 6″x6″
- Peperomia caperata ‘Variegata’ 6″
- Pilea glauca ‘Aquamarine’ 12″
- Tillandsia stricta 8″
- Miniature African violets and gesneriads
- Reindeer moss (cladonia rangiferina)
- Club moss (selaginella krausiana)
- Cushion moss (leucobryum)
- Baby’s Tears
- Selaginella kraussiana
- Acorus gramineus ‘Minimus Aureus’
Fairy Garden Terrarium Tips
- Dampen, don’t wet, the soil
- 1/2 inch layer of horticultural charcoal on top
of gravel keeps soil “sweet”.
- Make a paper funnel to pour soil into glass containers and jars.
- Low light and high humidity dwarf plants are best
- Rig up your own tamper: attach bamboo skewer to a wine cork.
- Fan shaped paintbrush with long handle to brush errant soil from leaves or glass wall.
- Overwatering is the worst mistake, be sparing with the water.
- Use a layer of spaghnum moss above the gravel to keep soil from filtering down. It will hold the moisture, too.
Turn The Terrarium Into A Fairyland
If you have already made a terrarium, the miniature plantings necessary for the fairy garden terrarium are in place. Really, all that is needed, now, are the accessories of furnishings and perhaps tiny fairy statues to accent the garden.
If you love the free play of imagination, the stage is set for simply creating or purchasing the fairy sized chairs or table, perhaps even a little ladder to better able climb in and out of the glass enclosure.
- A very long tweezer tool comes in handy when placing the bits of fairy paraphernalia inside the planted jar.
- Planning the placement of the fairy furniture beforehand will minimize the disturbance of the plants.
More Ideas For Fairy Garden Terrariums!
SE 3pc Tweezers Set, Serrated Tips, 12″, 10″, and 8″
Fluval Flora Stainless Steel Planting Tongs – 10.63-inches
Fluval Flora Stainless Steel Aquatic Plant Scissors – 9.80-inches
Steven Raichlen Bamboo Grilling Kabob Skewers 12-inch Long, Set of 25
Books For Terrarium Enthusiasts
Books that you can use for your fairy garden terrariums.
Or to become a budding terrarium enthusiast! If you have a houseplant-loving or gardening friend, one of these books with a terrarium kit could be the best gift ever.
Books To Inspire You
Terrarium Craft: Create 50 Magical, Miniature Worlds
Hoffman Charcoal Soil Conditioner
Terrarium/Fairy Garden Kit – Create Your Own Living Terrarium
Anchor Hocking 1-Gallon Heritage Hill Jar with Glass Lid
Fairy Garden Books
For the whole topic of making these miniature environments inside or out, there are so many lovely resources and books. Start with these to get your creative juices stirring.
Links On The Web
- About Gesneriads, plants for terrariums.
- Begonia Society Terrarium Tips
- Terrarium as art